Dorzolamide hydrochloride with timolol maleate ocular preservative-free
- Drugs List
- Therapeutic Indications
- Precautions and Warnings
- Pregnancy and Lactation
- Side Effects
Eye drops containing dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate preservative-free.
Elevated IOP in open-angle glaucoma when beta blocker alone is insufficient
Elevated IOP in pseudoexfoliative glaucoma when beta blocker alone insuff;
Instil 1 drop in the affected eye(s) twice daily.
Children aged under 18 years (unlicensed):
Instil 1 drop in the affected eye(s) twice daily.
Patients with Renal Impairment
This medication is contraindicated in patients with creatinine clearance below 30 ml/minute or with hyperchloraemic acidosis.
Patients with a prior history of renal calculi may be at increased risk of urolithiasis whilst using this medication.
History of asthma
Non paced second/third degree AV block
Non-paced sinus node dysfunction
Renal impairment - creatinine clearance below 30 ml/minute
Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sinoatrial exit block
Uncontrolled cardiac failure
Precautions and Warnings
Children under 18 years
History of allergies including anaphylaxis
Wearing of contact lenses
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
First degree atrioventricular block
History of intra-ocular surgery
Narrow angle glaucoma
Peripheral vascular disease
Severe Raynaud's syndrome
Advise diabetic patients that hypoglycaemic symptoms may be reduced/altered
Anaesthetist should be made aware patient is taking this medication
Control cardiac failure before starting treatment
May mask symptoms of hyperthyroidism
May unmask the symptoms of myasthenia gravis
Advise patient blurred vision may affect ability to drive/operate machinery
Some formulations may contain traces of silver - risk of hypersensitivity
Administer other ophthalmic products at least 10 minutes apart
To reduce systemic absorption compress lacrimal sac during administration
Monitoring of patients with compromised corneas required during use
Beta blockers may reduce the response to adrenaline in anaphylaxis
Increased risk of choroidal detachment with use post filtration procedures
Systemic absorption & adverse effects of systemic beta blockers may occur
Do not withdraw this drug suddenly
Discontinue if hypersensitivity reactions occur
Not licensed for use in children under 18 years
Advise patient to avoid touching the eye/other surfaces with container tip
The CSM has advised that beta blockers, even those with apparent cardioselectivity, should not be used in patients with asthma or a history of obstructive airways disease unless no alternative treatment is available. In such cases, the risk of inducing bronchospasm should be appreciated and appropriate precautions taken.
Pregnancy and Lactation
Dorzolamide hydrochloride with timolol maleate eye drops preservative-free are contraindicated during pregnancy.
The manufacturer recommends that dorzolamide with timolol eye drops preservative-free should not be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary.
At the time of writing there is limited published experience concerning the use of dorzolamide and timolol eye drops during pregnancy. In rabbits, dorzolamide produced teratogenic effect at maternotoxic doses.
Studies have not revealed malformative effects as a result of using timolol, but have shown a risk for intra uterine growth retardation and decreased placental weight when beta-blockers are administered by the oral route. In addition, signs and symptoms of beta-blockage (e.g. bradycardia, hypotension, respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia) have been observed in the neonate when beta-blockers have been administered until delivery. Ophthalmic doses of timolol have also been seen to affect foetal heart rate in one case report. If the medication is administered until delivery, the neonate should be carefully monitored during the first days of life. Animal studies with timolol have shown reproductive toxicity at doses significantly higher than would be used in clinical practice. However Briggs concludes that the benefits of maternal therapy with beta-blockers may, in some cases, outweigh the risks to the foetus and therefore must be judged on a case by case basis. Schaefer concludes that eye drops may generally be used during pregnancy for the appropriate indications and if there are compelling treatment indications they should not be withheld but the dosage kept as low as possible.
Dorzolamide hydrochloride with timolol maleate eye drops preservative-free are contraindicated during breastfeeding.
The manufacturer recommends that dorzolamide with timolol eye drops preservative-free is not recommended during breastfeeding.
At the time of writing there is little published experience concerning the use of dorzolamide and timolol eye drops during breastfeeding. It is not known whether dorzolamide is excreted in human milk. In lactating rats receiving dorzolamide, decreases in the body weight gain of offspring were observed. Timolol is excreted in breast milk, however ophthalmic use should pose little risk to a breastfed infant. Infants exposed to timolol via the breast milk should be closely observed for bradycardia and symptoms of beta-blockade. The long term effects of exposure have not been studied. Schaefer concludes that in general eye drops are compatible with breastfeeding as minimal amounts are absorbed systemically.
Burning sensation (local)
Choroidal detachment (following filtration surgery)
Congestive cardiac failure
Decreased corneal sensitivity
Exacerbation of psoriasis
Lid margin crusting
Myasthenia gravis-like syndrome
Reddening of eyes
Sensation of foreign body in eye
Shortness of breath
Systemic lupus erythematosus
It is strongly recommended that the UK National Poisons Information Service be consulted on cases of suspected or actual overdose where there is doubt over the degree of risk or about appropriate management.
The following number will direct the caller to the relevant local centre (0844) 892 0111
Information may be obtained if you have access to ToxBase the primary clinical toxicology database of the National Poisons Information Service. This is available via password on the internet ( www.toxbase.org ) or if this is unavailable at the backup site ( www.toxbasebackup.org ).
Last Full Review Date: January 2019
Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Treatment Options and Risk Assessment, 3rd edition (2015) ed. Schaefer, C., Peters, P. and Miller, R. Elsevier, London.
Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk, 10th edition (2015) ed. Briggs, G., Freeman, R. Wolters Kluwer Health, Philadelphia.
Summary of Product Characteristics: Cosopt Preservative-Free 20mg/ml + 5mg/ml eye drops solution. Santen Oy. Revised December 2017.
Summary of Product Characteristics: Cosopt iMulti 20mg/ml + 5mg/ml eye drops solution. Santen Oy. Revised May 2018.
Summary of Product Characteristics: Eylamdo 20mg/ml eye drops solution. Aspire Pharma Ltd. Revised October 2017.
Summary of Product Characteristics: Vizidor Duo 20 mg/ml + 5 mg/ml eye drops, solution. Bausch & Lomb UK Ltd. Revised January 2021.
NICE Evidence Services
Available at: www.nice.org.uk
Last accessed: 27 July 2021
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